Did you know that conventional gas-powered vehicles account for up to 75 percent of global carbon monoxide emissions and 30 percent of all air pollution, according to studies conducted by the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC)? Because of this startling fact, people all around the world are lobbying for the widespread use of electric automobiles.
If you’re in the market for, or have recently purchased, a hybrid or electric vehicle, you should know that its upkeep differs significantly from that of conventional automobiles. Here, we’ll give you a quick rundown of the essentials you need to know to get started taking care of your hybrid or electric vehicle.
Electric Vehicles vs. Hybrid Vehicles
There are significant distinctions between the various types of electric vehicles, particularly in regards to maintenance and safety protocols. EVs are a class of electric cars that get their power solely from electricity from rechargeable batteries. Vehicles classified as “hybrid electric vehicles” (HEV) are capable of running on both regular fuel and electricity.
Maintenance of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
Electric and hybrid vehicles require amazingly less upkeep compared to traditional automobiles. These motors are typically much easier to operate than their combustion engine counterparts since they have fewer parts, which are in turn smaller and lighter. Due to the elimination of regular maintenance requirements such as oil and filter changes and spark plug replacements, electric vehicle engines are intrinsically more dependable.
Keeping your car in good form still requires regular maintenance, even if it requires less time and effort than usual. Manufacturers often advise keeping to preset service intervals, which shift depending on the make and model of the vehicle used as well as the annual kilometers logged.
Further, electric vehicles require less fuel. You should still check the brake fluid and windshield wiper fluid on a regular basis; your mechanic can help you keep track of these levels and establish a maintenance schedule. Some electric vehicles may require a coolant system flush if they have one. Please refer to your electric vehicle’s manual for specific charging information.
You may take care of the tires in the same way you would any other set of tires on your car. To prevent uneven tread wear, rotating tires regularly is a must. Maintain your EV in the same way you would a traditional vehicle, including regular checkups and tire rotations.
Proper care of the electric vehicle’s battery is essential for optimal performance. This is because it is the most costly and essential component of the car. Managing your battery is simple if you remember a few guidelines.
- Keep your batteries in an air-conditioned, dry, cool spot. Batteries can be damaged by the high temperatures experienced throughout the summer. It is imperative that the battery never be exposed to high temperatures. To keep your battery from dying over the winter, it’s best to keep your car out of the cold as much as possible.
- Constantly maintaining the battery charge between 20% and 80% is recommended. If you overcharge or charge the battery too often, it will lose some of its power. Only when embarking on an extremely lengthy trip should you charge the battery to its utmost capacity.
Safety of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
Many new electric vehicles are outfitted with cutting-edge electronics meant to assist and protect drivers, but it is still important to adhere to all of the usual rules of the road. Both vehicles have cutting-edge safety features, such as:
- The lane-departure warning will sound if the vehicle senses that you are about to cross over into an adjacent lane.
- Forward collision warnings can sound an alarm and give you time to brake before colliding with the car in front of you.
- Having a blind spot alert on the right side of the car is extremely useful for making lane changes.
- Cameras can greatly facilitate the process of parking in a standard space or parallel parking on a particularly busy metropolitan road.
- High Beam Technology automatically brightens the headlights when they aren’t needed and dims them when they are (to avoid blinding the other drivers on the road).
The manufacturer is the finest source of advice on how to maintain and protect your new hybrid or electric vehicle. If you need specific information on your model, you should consult the owner’s manual or get in touch with the dealership you purchased the vehicle from. Travel safely!